The Institute for Systems Research
Maryland Robotics Center
Dr. Miao Yu received her B.S. and M.S. degrees in Engineering Mechanics from Tsinghua University in 1996 and 1998, respectively and her Ph.D. in 2002 from the University of Maryland. She joined the University of Maryland as an Assistant Professor in January 2005. A core focus of her work is to study biologically systems and apply biologically inspired ideas in engineering systems, with specific research directions promising significant impacts in areas such as health care, safety, and defense.
Yu has also focused on developing fundamental understanding of light and matter interactions at micro and nanoscales, specifically manipulation and sensing of bio-particles with light and manipulation of light with surface plasmonics and metamaterials. Her primary approach to these studies is to develop microscale and nanoscale photonic structures and to study the light and matter interaction at micro and nanoscales. remove this sentence.
Her awards and honors include receipt of the 2006 Oak Ridge Associated Universities’ Ralph E. Powe Junior Faculty Enhancement Award. In 2007 she was recognized with both the NSF CAREER Award and the Young Investigator Research Program Award from AFOSR for her work on biology inspired sensors. Yu holds 10 invention disclosures and 4 issued U.S. patents and one pending U.S. patent. One of these patents was the basis for her receipt of the University of Maryland’s 2002 Invention of theYear award in the category of Physical Sciences and her two other inventions were selected as one of the three finalists for the same award in 2010 and 2011.
She is the director of the Sensors & Actuators Laboratory, dedicated to research on micro/nano sensors, photonics, and smart materials and structures. She was the director of the Maryland Robotics Center from July 2017–June 2019.
Ph.D., (Mechanical Engineering) University of Maryland, 2002
M.S., (Engineering Mechanics) Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, 1998
B.S., (Engineering Mechanics) Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, 1996
Honors and awards
Young faculty awards
NSF CAREER for "Biology-Inspired Miniature Optical Directional Microphones: Bridging Biological Systems and Sensor Technology," 2007
AFOSR Young Investigator Program (YIP) Award for fly ear-inspired sensors for micro-air vehicles, 2007
University of Maryland awards
The Ralph E. Powe Junior Faculty Enhancement Award, 2006
Invention of the Year Award in the Physical Sciences Category, 2002
Six invention disclosures, three U.S. patents in the area of fiber-optic sensor systems
Paper Reviewer for Journal of Precision Engineering, Journal of Mechatronics, and Journal of Experimental Mechanics, AIAA Journal, Journal of Experimental Mechanics, Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Journal of Acoustic Society of America, IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems
ASEE Field Reviewer for Post-doctoral Fellowship Proposals
Program Committee of SPIE Conference on Modeling, Signal Processing and Control, since 2004
Technical Committee of ASME-IMECE on Dynamics and Control of Structures and Systems, since 2006
Program Committee of SPIE Optics East Conference on Sensors for Harsh Environments, 2007
Program Committee of SPIE Photonics Asia Conference on Advanced Materials and Devices for Sensing and Imaging, 2007
Wave matter interactions; photonic sensors; metamaterials, micro- and nano-scale sensor systems; bio-inspired sensors, robotic sensing; sensor networks; adaptive optics, wavefront sensing and control, imaging through turbulence; smart materials and structures
- Y. Liu and M. Yu, "Investigation of inclined dual-fiber optical tweezers for 3D manipulation and force sensing," Opt. Express, 17, 13624-13638, 2009.
- H. Liu, M. Yu, and X. M. Zhang, “Biomimetic optical directional microphone with structurally coupled diaphragms,” Applied Physics Letters, 93, 243902, 2008.
- M. Yu, X. Long, and B. Balachandran, “Sensor diaphragm under initial tension: nonlinear responses and design implications,” Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vol. 312, pp. 39–54, 2008.
- S. Nesson, M. Yu, X. M. Zhang, and A. Hsieh, “Miniature fiber-optic pressure sensor with composite polymer-metal diaphragm for intradiscal pressure measurements,” Journal of Biomedical Optics, Vol. 13(4), 044040, 2008.
- L. Currano, S. Bauman, W. Churaman, M. Peckerar, J. Wienke, S. Kim, M. Yu, and B. Balachandran, “Latching MEMS shock sensors for ultra-low power acceleration monitoring,” Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, Vol. 147 (2), pp. 490-497, 2008.
- W. M. Zhu, T. Zhong, A. Q. Liu, X. M. Zhang, and M. Yu, “Micromachined optical well structure for thermo-optic switching,” Applied Physics Letters, 91, 261106, 2007.
- M. Yu and B. Balachandran, “Pressure sensor diaphragm under initial tension: linear analysis,” Experimental Mechanics, Vol. 45 (2): pp 123-129, 2005.
- M. Yu and M. A. Vorontsov, “Compensation of distant phase-distorting layers I: Narrow field of view adaptive receiver system,” Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 21(9), pp.1645-1658, 2004.
- M. A. Vorontsov and M. Yu, “Compensation of distant phase-distorting layers II: Extended field of view adaptive receiver system,” Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 21(9), pp. 1659-1668, 2004.
- M. Yu and B. Balachandran, “Acoustic measurements using a fiber optic sensor system,” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 14(7), pp. 409-414, 2003.
UMD’s SeaDroneSim can generate simulated images and videos to help UAV systems recognize ‘objects of interest’ in the waterThe suite’s simulated objects could fill a large dataset gap for the UAV-based computer vision systems used in searching for maritime objects.
Two papers by Yu and colleagues advance development of lenses and waveguidesThe innovations may improve devices used in health monitoring, energy harvesting, vibration control and other fields.
The Modern Battle for Maryland’s OystersUMD researchers use AI and robotics to help revive a struggling industry.
Compact Electron Accelerator Reaches New Speeds with Nothing But LightUMD team achieves feat using two laser pulses sent through a jet of hydrogen gas.
Newly-Opened SMART Building to Spur Autonomy ResearchMaryland engineering will benefit from state-of-the-art labs and facilities at USMSM.
UMD Engineers Help Pioneer New Treatment for Respiratory FailureNSF awards $3.6 million to support “third lung” research.
Young Investigator Fellowship Supports "Third Lung" ResearchProject members are developing the "Third Lung," a transformative technology for extra-pulmonary respiration.
UMD Researchers to Have a Strong Showing at ICRA 2021The 2021 International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA 2021) will be held both in person and online from May 30 to June 5, 2021.
‘Smellicopter’ drone uses live moth antenna to seek smells, avoid obstaclesTimothy Horiuchi is a co-author on the research published in IOP Bioinspiration & Biomimetics.
Maryland engineers receive $10M to transform shellfish farmingThe team will help farmers tap the economic potential and environmental benefits of shellfish aquaculture.
Spread Hope: The "Smart Bra"The "smart bra" is a low-cost wearable device that could conceivably detect breast cancer early enough for treatment.
Srebric to Receive 2020 USM Board of Regents Faculty Award for Excellence in InnovationAward is highest honor bestowed to faculty by the University System of Maryland Board of Regents.
Thin Wood Film Amplifies Speaker TechnologyUMD study published in Nature Communications.
Derek Paley named Maryland Robotics Center directorPaley's term will begin July 1, 2019.
Hahn Receives NSF CAREER AwardNSF awards Hahn funding to research “white-box” autonomy in medical systems.
CEE Experts Active at TRB 97th Annual MeetingFaculty, staff, and students gave more than 50 presentations during the four-day event.
Miao Yu named Maryland Robotics Center directorYu develops sensors useful in a variety of robotics applications.
Kusimo to Deliver Student Speech for Clark School Spring CommencementMechanical Engineering senior Abisola Kusimo will deliver Clark School Spring Commencement