Exploring Engineering Majors | A. James Clark School of Engineering, University of Maryland

As an undecided engineering student you have the choice of nine engineering majors.  This page is designed to help you explore your interests so that you can make a more informed decision when chosing a major. Beneath the chart, you will find information about each major including a description, the top 10 employers, job titles, average annual salary, and the departmental websites.

  Thinking & Formulating Ideas Searching for Facts Mentally Problem Solving Practically Solving Hands-on Problems Following Set Procedures & Routines Working with Data & Details Starting & Carrying Out Projects Leading People & Making Many Decisions Requiring Risk Taking (Sometimes) Dealing with Business (Often)
Aerospace Engineering X X X X            
Bioengineering X X X X            
Chemical Engineering X X X X            
Civil Engineering X X X X X X        
Computer Engineering X X X X X X        
Electrical Engineering X X X X            
Fire Protection Engineering X X X X X X X X X X
Materials Science & Engineering X X X X     X X X X
Mechanical Engineering X X X X X X        

 

Description

Aerospace Engineering is concerned with the design, construction and science of aircraft and spacecraft. It is divided into two major and overlapping branches:

  1. Aeronautical: craft that stay within the earth's atmosphere
  2. Astronautical: craft that operate outside the earth's atmosphere

Aerospace engineers develop new technologies for use in aviation, defense systems, and space exploration They often specialize in areas such as structures, propulsion systems, vehicle movement and control, communications and overall vehicle design.

Top 10 Aerospace Engineering Employers
  • a.i. solutions
  • Boeing
  • Intelsat
  • JHU Applied Physics Lab
  • Lockheed Martin
  • NASA
  • Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR)
  • Orbital ATK
  • Raytheon
  • Textron
Job Titles
  • Aeronautical Engineer
  • Aerospace Engineer
  • Aerospace Stress Engineer
  • Avionics Engineer
  • Design Engineer
  • Flight Controls Engineer
  • Flight Test Engineer
  • Structural Analysis Engineer
  • Systems Engineer
  • Test Engineer
Average Annual Salary

$71,200

Departmental Website

https://aero.umd.edu

Description

Bioengineering is based on biology, biosystems, medical research and clinical practice. Bioengineers develop innovative processes for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease and seek to improve the health and life of humankind. Bioengineers specialize in those products and processes made from, used with or applied to biological organisms.

Top 10 Bioengineering Employers
  • Accenture
  • Appian
  • AstraZeneca
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • NextCure
  • Personal Genome Diagnostics
  • Terumo
  • United Health Group
  • US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
  • USDA
Job Titles
  • Engineering Director
  • Process Engineer
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Research Fellow
  • Research Greenhouse Supervisor
  • Research Scientist
  • University Extension Specialist
Average Annual Salary

$69,500

Departmental Website

https://bioe.umd.edu

Description

Chemical engineers research, develop and improve things we use every day. They ensure we have a safe, secure and sustainable supply of energy, water and food while safeguarding the environment. They develop new products from renewable resources, alternative energy sources, pharmaceutical products and new food products.

Top 10 Chemical Engineering Employers
  • Anheuser Busch
  • Army Research Lab (ARL)
  • Deloitte
  • Epic
  • ExxonMobil
  • Flying Dog Brewery
  • FM Global
  • Naval Research Lab (NRL)
  • Pepsico
  • Procter & Gamble
Job Titles
  • Chemical Engineer
  • Development Engineer
  • Engineering Scientist
  • Process Control Engineer
  • Process Engineer
  • Project Engineer
  • Refinery Process Engineer
  • Research Chemical Engineer
  • Scientist
Average Annual Salary

$73,200

Departmental Website

https://chbe.umd.edu

Description

Civil Engineering focuses on planning, design, construction and operation of large systems such as buildings and bridges. Civil engineers also focus on water purification and distribution systems, traffic and transportation systems, water and land pollution systems. Civil Engineering offers three tracks:

  • Geotechnical and Structural
  • Environmental and Water Resources
  • Transportation Systems and Project Management
Top 10 Civil Engineering Employers
  • AECOM
  • Bohler Engineering
  • Clark Construction
  • Engineering Consulting Services (ECS)
  • Johnson, Mirmiran & Thompson
  • Prime AE
  • STV
  • Turner Construction
  • Whiting-Turner
  • Whitman, Requardt & Associates (WRA)
Job Titles
  • Bridge/Structure Inspection Team Leader
  • City Engineer
  • Civil Engineering Manager
  • County Engineer
  • Design Engineer
  • Project Engineer
  • Railroad Design Consultant
  • Structural Engineer
  • Traffic Engineer
Average Annual Salary

$63,100

Departmental Website

https//cee.umd.edu

Description

Computer engineers apply the principles and techniques of electrical engineering, computer science and mathematical analysis to design, develop, test and evaluate software and hardware systems that enable computers to perform increasingly demanding functions. Computer engineers design robots, develop microprocessors, design supercomputers and smart devices, create integrated circuits for semiconductor fabrication, program computer-vision capabilities, create security/cryptographic systems and develop software systems and network protocols.

Top 10 Computer Engineering Employers
  • Amazon
  • Bloomberg
  • Boeing
  • Booz Allen Hamilton
  • Capital One
  • Google
  • JHU Applied Physics Lab (APL)
  • Lockheed Martin
  • Microsoft
  • Northrop Grumman
Job Titles
  • Design Engineer
  • Field Service Engineer
  • Hardware Design Engineer
  • Hardware Engineer
  • Network Engineer
  • Project Engineer
  • Senior Hardware Engineer
  • Systems Engineer
  • Systems Integration Engineer
Average Annual Salary

$85,300

Departmental Website

https//ece.umd.edu

Description

Electrical engineers help overcome global challenges related to energy, communications, health care, global warming and national security. Electrical engineers create innovative technology solutions in a wide range of areas from handheld communications to solar panels; from cardiac pacemakers to autonomous robots; from wireless networks to bio-engineered sensors that detect dangerous pathogens, and intelligent surveillance systems that perform face and motion recognition.

Top 10 Electrical Engineering Employers
  • Accenture
  • Amazon
  • Bloomberg
  • Facebook
  • Hughes Network Systems
  • JP Morgan Chase
  • M.C. Dean
  • National Security Agency (NSA)
  • Northrop Grumman
  • Texas Instruments
Job Titles
  • Circuits Engineer
  • Design Engineer
  • Electrical Controls Engineer
  • Electrical Design Engineer
  • Electrical Project Engineer
  • Instrumentation and Electrical Reliability Engineer (I&E Reliability Engineer)
  • Power Systems Engineer
  • Project Engineer
  • Test Engineer
Average Annual Salary

$73,400

Departmental Website

https//ece.umd.edu

Description

Fire Protection engineers protect people, homes, workplaces, the environment and the economy from the devastating effects of fire by designing systems, creating products and developing fire safe materials. Fire Protection engineers focus on suppression and detection, fire-resistant materials, fire dynamics and behavior, smoke, soot and gases, human behavior and life safety, computer modeling of fire, smoke, suppression and evacuation.

Top 10 Fire Protection Engineering Employers
  • AECOM
  • Disney
  • EBL Fire Engineering
  • Exelon
  • GHD
  • Jenson Hughes
  • Koffel Associates
  • Rhino Fire Protection Engineering
  • SimplexGrinnell (A Tyco Company)
  • UL
Job Titles
  • Chief Engineer
  • Consulting Engineer
  • Design Director
  • Fire Protection Engineer and Code Consultant (FP Engineer and Code Consultant)
  • Lead Fire Protection Engineer
  • Loss Control Manager
  • Senior Engineer
  • Senior Fire Protection Engineer
Average Annual Salary

$73,100

Departmental Website

https//fpe.umd.edu

Description

Material Science and Engineering is the process, testing and designing of complex material systems that underlie much of today’s advanced technology including microelectronics and biotechnology. These engineers can produce incredibly strong magnets, advanced plastics and polymers, metals that remember their shape and nanotechnology.

Top 10 Materials Science and Engineering Employers
  • Accenture
  • Applied Predictive Technologies
  • CoolCAD Electronics
  • Epic Systems
  • MPR Associates
  • NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
  • National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST)
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Northrop Grumman
  • US Army Research Lab (ARL)
Job Titles
  • Materials and Processes Manager
  • Materials Branch Chief
  • Materials Development Engineer
  • Materials Research Engineer
  • Metallurgical Engineer
  • Metallurgist
  • Process Engineer
  • Research Engineer
  • Test Engineer
Average Annual Salary

$71,100

Departmental Website

https://mse.umd.edu

Description

Mechanical Engineering is the broadest and most versatile of all the engineering professions. Mechanical engineers design, manufacture and operations of a wide range of components, devices or systems. The field encompasses applications ranging from micro-mechanical surgical systems to internal combustion engines for formula one race cars or giant turbines for renewable energy wind farms.

Top 10 Mechanical Engineering Employers
  • Accenture
  • Deloitte
  • dlhBowles
  • Ford Motor
  • Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR)
  • Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA)
  • Northrop Grumman
  • Orbital ATK
  • Stanley Black & Decker
  • Whiting-Turner
Job Titles
  • Application Engineer
  • Design Engineer
  • Design Maintenance Engineer
  • Equipment Engineer
  • Mechanical Design Engineer
  • Process Engineer
  • Product Engineer
  • Project Engineer
  • Test Engineer
Average Annual Salary

$68,500

Departmental Website

https//enme.umd.edu

The Clark School offers two courses that explore each of the nine engineering majors:

UNIV100 (1-credit)- The Student in the University (section 0604)

Introduces students to University life. In a small classroom setting, students will explore how to successfully bridge the gap between high school and college. Study skills, career decision-making, and student development processes will be explored.

ENES181 (1-credit)- Engineering & The Grand Challenges (section 0101)

Introduction to the various fields of engineering and the necessary context for students to fully engage in selected National Academy of Engineering's Grand Challenges such as economical solar energy, carbon sequestration, access to clean water, engineering better medicines, restoring urban infrastructure and personalized learning. The lectures and activities will provide an introduction to the engineering disciplines, NAE Grand Challenges, STEM cultures, and research.

Students may also choose to take a major specific introductory course in order to learn more about a specific major of interest.


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